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Novella S, Dantas AP, Segarra G, Novensá L, Bueno C, Heras M, Hermenegildo C, Medina P

Gathering of aging and estrogen withdrawal in vascular dysfunction of senescent accelerated mice.

Exp. Gerontol.. 2010 Nov;45(11):868-74, PMID: 20708673

The aim of this work was to characterize a mouse model of experimental menopause and cardiovascular aging that closely reflects menopause in women. Senescence accelerated mouse (SAM)-Resistant type 1 (SAMR1, n=30) and SAM-Prone type 8 (SAMP8, n=30) were separated at 5months of age into three groups: 1) sham-operated (Sham); 2) ovariectomized (Ovx); and 3) ovariectomized chronically-treated with estrogen (Ovx+E2). Contractile responses to KCl (60mM) and thromboxane A(2) were greater in aorta from SAMP8 mice compared with SAMR1 in all groups. Neither ovariectomy nor estrogen replacement modified the contractile responses from SAMR1 mice. Conversely, in Ovx SAMP8 the increased maximal contractions were reversed by estrogen treatment. Rings with endothelium from all SAMR1 groups showed a greater relaxation to acetylcholine than SAMP8 groups. In SAMR1, endothelium-dependent relaxation was not altered in Ovx or Ovx+E2 groups. Rings from Ovx SAMP8 showed a decreased maximal response to acetylcholine compared to Sham SAMP8. Estrogen replacement restored the response to acetylcholine altered by ovariectomy. Nitric oxide inhibition by L-NAME markedly reduced acetylcholine responses in all groups, but this effect was less pronounced in SAMP8 and Ovx groups (determined by area under the curve reduction). These results indicate that SAMP8 exhibit a significant decreased endothelium-dependent and NO-mediated relaxation and increased vasoconstrictor responses that are potentiated by the lack of estrogen. Because these responses are closely in agreement with vascular dysfunction observed in menopausal women, we propose SAMP8 Ovx as a new model to concomitantly study the effects of aging and menopause in female mice.


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