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Costa MA, Sabaté M, Angiolillo DJ, Hu P, Jiménez-Quevedo P, Corros C, Alfonso F, Hernández-Antolín R, Macaya C, Bass TA

Relocation of minimal luminal diameter after bare metal and drug-eluting stent implantation: incidence and impact on angiographic late loss.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2007 Feb;69(2):181-8, PMID: 17191240

Late loss (LL) has been a fundamental angiographic end-point in drug-eluting stents (DES) clinical trials. However, calculation of LL may be affected by a mismatch between post-procedure (PO) and follow-up (FU) sites of the minimal lumen diameter (MLD). Our aims were to investigate the incidence and methodological implications of the relocation of MLD after bare metal (BMS), sirolimus-eluting (SES), and paclitaxel-eluting (PES) stent implantation. Data from DIABETES I and II trials, which involved diabetic patients treated with BMS, SES, and PES, were analyzed. Angiographic data with matched projections between PO and 9-month angiographic FU were included. In-stent, in-lesion, and in-segment analyses included conventional and customized sub-segmental (5-mm/subsegment) methodology. MLD relocation was considered when the sites of MLD shifted a distance > the intrinsic variability of the method. Conventional LL, site matched LL, maximal LL (MaxLL), and average LL (AvgLL) were calculated. Relationships between various LL and 1-year target lesion revascularization (TLR) were investigated. Post MLD was located distally, outside the stent, in > or =65% of the analyses. At FU, MLD relocation occurred in 70.5% (BMS), 40% (SES), and 35% (PES). MLD shifted > or =11 mm on average, mainly towards the stented segment. MLD relocation still occurred in 42.8% (BMS), 33.7% (SES), and 36.4% (PES), when analysis was restricted to in-stent segment. Among LL measurements, MaxLL showed the best association with TLR rates. Relocation of the MLD is a frequent phenomenon after both BMS and DES, and should be taken into account when calculating LL. Comprehensive LL analyses, including MaxLL and AvgLL, provides a better appraisal of the biological and clinical effectiveness of DES.


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Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional IMIM - Parc de Salut Mar