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Baila-Rueda L, Mateo-Gallego R, Jarauta E, De Castro-Orós I, Bea AM, Cenarro A, Civeira F

Bile acid synthesis precursors in familial combined hyperlipidemia: the oxysterols 24S-hydroxycholesterol and 27-hydroxycholesterol.

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.. 2014 Apr;446(3):731-5, PMID: 24406166

Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL), the most common inherited disorder of lipid metabolism is characterized by increasing cholesterol synthesis precursors due to hepatic overproduction of cholesterol. The bile acids synthesis pathway has not been previously studied in FCHL. The aim of this work was to study the oxysterol levels which are involved in the bile acids synthesis from cholesterol in FCHL. Clinical parameters and subclinical atherosclerosis were studied in a total of 107 FCHL patients and 126 normolipidemic controls. Non cholesterol sterols (desmosterol and lanosterol) and oxysterols (27-hydroxycholesterol and 24S-hydroxycholesterol) were measured by high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Desmosterol and lanosterol, markers of cholesterol synthesis, had a positive correlation with BMI and apo B. However, no correlation was found for 24S-hydroxycholesterol and 27-hydroxycholesterol, precursors of bile acids, with these clinical parameters. Only 27-hydroxycholesterol had a positive correlation with apo B, ρ=0.204 (P=0.037). All oxysterol levels were higher in FHCL as compared to normal controls. A total of 59 FCHL subjects (59%) presented values of 24S-hydroxycholesterol above the 95th percentile of this oxysterol in the control population. All oxysterols showed no association with fat mass in contrast with non-cholesterol sterols. FCHL subjects with oxysterol overproduction had less carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), which suggests less atherosclerosis in these subjects. In summary, our data indicate that high oxysterol levels might be good markers of FCHL, unrelated to fat mass, and may exert a protective mechanism for cholesterol accumulation.


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