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Bahamonde MI, Fernández-Fernández JM, Guix FX, Vázquez E, Valverde MA

Plasma membrane voltage-dependent anion channel mediates antiestrogen-activated maxi Cl- currents in C1300 neuroblastoma cells.

J. Biol. Chem.. 2003 Aug;278(35):33284-9, PMID: 12794078

The cell membrane large conductance voltage-dependent chloride channel (Maxi Cl- channel) has been recorded in different cell types following excision of membrane patches or stimulation by antiestrogens under whole-cell recording conditions. However, both its molecular nature and relevance to cell physiology await elucidation. Its electrophysiological properties resemble those of the voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) of the outer mitochondrial membrane. This observation has led to the controversial hypothesis that VDAC could be the molecular correlate of the plasma membrane Maxi Cl- channel. We have investigated the cellular localization of VDAC and its relationship with the antiestrogen-activated Maxi Cl- current in C1300 neuroblastoma cells. The presence of a plasma membrane VDAC was demonstrated by immunoblotting of membrane fractions with monoclonal antibodies against the VDAC and by reverse transcription-PCR using primers that hybridize to a VDAC sequence coding for an N-terminal leader peptide required for its plasma membrane sorting. Besides, VDAC colocalized with markers of plasma membrane lipid rafts (cholera toxin beta subunit) but not caveolin-1. Transfection of C1300 cells with an antisense oligonucleotide directed against the specific membrane leader sequence of VDAC markedly reduced both VDAC immunostaining and antiestrogen-activated Maxi Cl- currents, suggesting that VDAC forms the plasma membrane Maxi Cl- channel or a part thereof.


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