Rubio-Pérez MÁ, Gálvez-Ruiz AL, Sepúlveda-Gázquez M, Planellas-Giné L, Roquer-González J
Rev Neurol. 2011 Oct;53(8):477-82, PMID: 21960388
The main structures involved in the control of vertical gaze, both saccades, smooth pursuit and oculovestibular reflexes, are the rostral interstitial nucleus of medial longitudinal fasciculus, posterior commissure, interstitial nucleus of Cajal, oculomotor complex and trochlear nerve nucleus. Despite knowing the functions of these nuclei, and their main interconnections, afferents and efferents, there is no definitive and contrasted model of vertical gaze control in humans.